Moray and Nairn list

 Listed below are all species that have occurred in Moray and Nairn in an apparently wild state. The list includes introduced or escaped species that have established viable populations in the wild in Britain.

A brief status comment is given, in which the codes used have the following meaning:

                RB           resident breeder
               
MB         migrant breeder
               
IB            introduced breeder
               
OB          occasional breeder
               
FB           former breeder
               
FMB       former migrant breeder
               
WV         winter visitor
               
FWV      former winter visitor
               
PV          passage visitor
               
RV          regular visitor
               
SV           scarce visitor

 Where a date is given for a scarce visitor this indicates, where known, the date of the first record in Moray and Nairn.

Mute Swan Cygnus olor RB   
Bewick’s Swan Cygnus columbianus SV  
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus WV  
Bean Goose Anser fabalis FWV, SV  
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus WV, PV  
White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons FWV, SV  
Greylag Goose Anser anser RB,WV  
Snow Goose Anser caerulescens SV 1967
Canada Goose Branta canadensis PV  
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis PV  
Brent Goose Branta bernicla WV, PV  
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis SV 2000
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea SV 1892
Shelduck Tadorna tadorna MB  
Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata SV 1992
Wigeon Anas penelope RB, WV  
American Wigeon Anas americana SV 1986
Gadwall Anas strepera RV  
Teal Anas crecca RB, WV  
Green-winged Teal Anas carolinensis SV 2000
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos RB, WV  
Pintail Anas acuta OB, WV  
Garganey Anas querquedula PV  
Shoveler Anas clypeata OB, PV  
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina SV 1982
Pochard Aythya ferina WV  
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris SV 1999
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula RB, WV  
Scaup Aythya marila WV  
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis SV 2006
Eider Somateria mollissima RB, WV  
King Eider Somateria spectabilis SV 1976
Steller’s Eider Polysticta stelleri SV 2000
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis WV  
Common Scoter Melanitta nigra WV  
Black Scoter Melanitta americana SV 1989
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata SV 1964
Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca WV  
Goldeneye Bucephala clangula OB, WV, PV  
Smew Mergellus albellus WV  
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator RB, WV  
Goosander Mergus merganser RB  
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis SV 1982
Red Grouse Lagopus lagopus RB  
Ptarmigan Lagopus mutus RB  
Black Grouse Tetrao tetrix RB  
Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus IB  
Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa IB  
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix RB  
Quail Coturnix coturnix MB, PV  
Pheasant Phasianus colchicus IB  
Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata MB, WV, PV  
Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica OB, WV, PV  
Great Northern Diver Gavia immer WV  
White-billed Diver Gavia adamsii SV 1955
Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris SV 1990
Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis MB, PV  
Cory’s Shearwater Calonectris diomedea SV 2000
Great Shearwater Puffinus gravis SV 2007
Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus PV  
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus PV  
Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus SV 2000
Storm Petrel Hydrobates pelagicus PV  
Leach’s Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa SV 1897
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis RB, MB  
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena WV  
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus FB, SV  
Slavonian Grebe Podiceps auritus MB, WV  
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis SV 1833
Black Stork Ciconia nigra SV 1977
White Stork Ciconia ciconia SV 1964
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus SV 1902
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia SV 1964
Bittern Botaurus stellaris SV 1839
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea RB  
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea SV 2011
Great White Egret Ardea alba SV 2009
Little Egret Egretta garzetta SV 1983
Gannet Morus bassanus PV  
Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis RB, WV  
Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo OB, WV  
Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus MB  
Black Kite Milvus migrans SV 1974
Red Kite Milvus milvus FB, SV  
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla SV pre 1844
Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus OB, PV  
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus MB, WV, PV  
Goshawk Accipiter gentilis IB  
Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus RB  
Buzzard Buteo buteo RB  
Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus SV 1832
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos RB  
Osprey Pandion haliaetus MB  
Kestrel Falco tinnunculus RB  
Merlin Falco columbarius RB, WV  
Hobby Falco subbuteo SV 1863
Gyr Falcon Falco rusticolus SV 1865
Peregrine Falco peregrinus RB, WV  
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus RB  
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana SV 1843
Little Crake Porzana parva SV 1852
Corncrake Crex crex FB, SV  
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus RB  
Coot Fulica atra RB, WV  
Crane Grus grus SV 1978
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax SV 1861
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus RB, WV, PV  
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta SV 1969
Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus SV 1987
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius MB  
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula RB, PV  
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus SV 1975
Dotterel Charadrius morinellus MB  
Golden Plover Charadrius apricaria RB, WV  
Grey Plover Chardarius squatarola WV, PV  
Lapwing Vanellus vanellus RB, MB  
Knot Calidris canutus WV, PV  
Sanderling Calidris alba WV, PV  
Little Stint Calidris minuta PV  
Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii SV 1979
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis SV 2011
Baird’s Sandpiper Calidris bairdii SV 1982
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos SV 1967
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea PV  
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima WV  
Dunlin Calidris alpina MB, WV, PV  
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus SV 1967
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis SV 1994
Ruff Philomachus pugnax PV  
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus WV, PV  
Snipe Gallinago gallinago RB, MB, WV  
Great Snipe Gallinago media SV 1898
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus SV 2011
Woodcock Scolopax rusticola RB, MB, WV, PV  
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa PV  
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica WV, PV  
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus PV  
Curlew Numenius arquata RB, WV, PV  
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus SV 1998
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos MB, PV  
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius SV 1999
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus PV  
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes SV 1994
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus PV  
Greenshank Tringa nebularia PV  
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes SV 1974
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis SV 1984
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola PV  
Redshank Tringa tetanus MB, WV, PV  
Turnstone Arenaria interpres WV  
Wilson’s Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor SV 1987
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus SV 1995
Grey Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius SV 1879
Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus PV  
Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus PV  
Long-tailed Skua Stercorarius longicaudus SV 1868
Great Skua Stercorarius skua PV  
Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea SV 1934
Sabine’s Gull Xema sabini SV 1994
Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla MB, PV  
Bonaparte’s Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia SV 2007
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus RB, WV  
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus PV  
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus SV 1989
Common Gull Larus canus RB, WV  
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis SV 1979
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus MB  
Herring Gull Larus argentatus RB, WV  
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis SV 2004
Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides WV  
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus WV  
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus RB, WV  
Little Tern Sternula albifrons MB, PV  
Black Tern Chlidonias niger SV  
White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus SV 1970
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis OB, PV  
Common Tern Sterna hirundo MB, PV  
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii OB, SV 1867
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea MB, PV  
Guillemot Uria aalge WV, PV  
Razorbill Alca torda MB, WV, PV  
Black Guillemot Cepphus grille RB  
Little Auk Alle alle WV, PV  
Puffin Fratercula arctica PV  
Pallas’s Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus OB, SV 1863
Rock Dove/Feral Pigeon Columba livia RB  
Stock Dove Columba oenas RB  
Woodpigeon Columba palumbus RB, WV  
Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto RB  
Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur SV 1844
Cuckoo Cuculus canorus MB  
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus SV 1953
Barn Owl Tyto alba RB  
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus SV 1833
Tawny Owl Strix aluco RB  
Long-eared Owl Asio otus RB  
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus MB, WV, PV  
Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus FMB  
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba SV 1972
Swift Apus apus MB, PV  
Kingfisher Alcedo atthis RB  
Roller Coracias garrulus SV 1831
Hoopoe Upupa epops SV 1853
Wryneck Jynx torquilla SV 2000
Green Woodpecker Picus viridis FB, SV 1949
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major RB  
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio PV  
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor WV, PV  
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator SV 1967
Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus SV 2011
Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax SV 1983
Magpie Pica pica RB  
Jay Garrulus glandarius RB  
Jackdaw Corvus monedula RB  
Rook Corvus frugilegus RB  
Carrion Crow Corvus corone RB  
Hooded Crow Corvus cornix RB  
Raven Corvus corax RB  
Waxwing Bombycilla garrulous WV  
Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus RB  
Great Tit Parus major RB  
Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatus RB  
Coal Tit Periparus ater RB  
Willow Tit Poecile montana FB  
Bearded Tit Panurus biarmicus FB  
Skylark Alauda arvensis RB, MB, PV  
Shore Lark Eremophila alpestris SV 1972
Sand Martin Riparia riparia MB, PV  
Swallow Hirundo rustica MB, PV  
House Martin Delichon urbicum MB, PV  
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica SV 1995
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus RB  
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus SV 1998
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix MB  
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita MB, PV  
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus MB, PV  
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus MB  
Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris SV 1983
Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus SV 1998
Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina SV 2000
Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia MB  
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla MB, WV, PV  
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin MB, PV  
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca OB, SV 1984
Whitethroat Sylvia communis MB, PV  
Goldcrest Regulus regulus RB, PV  
Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla SV 1970
Wren Troglodytes troglodytes RB  
Nuthatch Sitta europaea SV 2003
Treecreeper Certhia familiaris RB  
Starling Sturnus vulgaris RB, WV  
Rose-coloured Starling Sturnus roseus SV 1851
Dipper Cinclus cinclus RB  
Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus SV 1965
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus MB, PV  
Blackbird Turdus merula RB, WV, PV  
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris OB, WV, PV  
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos RB, MB, PV  
Redwing Turdus iliacus OB, WV, PV  
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus RB, MB  
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata MB  
Robin Erithacus rubecula RB, MB  
Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos SV 1988
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica SV 1890
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca OB, PV  
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros PV  
Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus MB, PV  
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra MB, PV  
Stonechat Saxicola rubicola RB, MB  
Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe MB, PV  
Dunnock Prunella modularis RB  
House Sparrow Passer domesticus RB  
Tree Sparrow Passer montanus RB  
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava SV 1835
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea MB  
Pied Wagtail Motacilla alba MB, PV  
Richard’s Pipit Anthus richardi SV 1972
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris SV 1988
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis MB  
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis MB, PV  
Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus RB  
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta SV 1995
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs RB  
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla WV  
Greenfinch Carduelis  chloris RB  
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis RB  
Siskin Carduelis spinus RB, MB, WV  
Linnet Carduelis cannabina RB  
Twite Carduelis flavirostris RB, MB, WV  
Lesser Redpoll Carduelis cabaret RB  
Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea SV 1975
Arctic Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni SV 1995
Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostra RB, MB, WV  
Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica RB  
Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus RB  
Common Rosefinch Erythrina erythrina SV 1996
Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula RB  
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes SV 1988
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis RB, WV, PV  
Lapland Bunting Calcarius lapponicus SV 1974
Yellowhammer Emberiza citronella RB  
Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus RB  
Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra RB